What is CBD in the context of medical development?

THC and cannabidiol (CBD) are too often confused with cannabis. However, the latter differs from the former in its health benefits and its use in a medical context. Of the two most well-known active substances in cannabis, CBD is, in fact, the most interesting from the point of view of patients who use it to soothe pain, anxiety, inflammation, and many other symptoms. A kind of cannabis light, now legalized by many countries because of its therapeutic virtues. Explanations.

What is CBD?

CBD is a molecule belonging to the cannabinoid family. Like THC, it is an active substance present in the hemp plant (from which cannabis resin is obtained). However, it is found in smaller quantities than THC (between 0.6 and 1%, as opposed to 12 to 25%), mainly because of the production choices made in recent decades. As THC is more sought after for its “high” effects, the cannabis seeds in circulation contain it at higher levels.

But now, as the medical benefits of cannabis are gaining more attention, strains are being produced specifically to contain high levels of CBD. It is thus possible to find therapeutic cannabis seeds with more than 6% of CBD, which is enormous… And rather rare. A concentration of 1% is more than enough to cover the needs of patients, as CBD has proven to be very effective.

What is the difference between CBD and THC?

Of the 500 different cannabinoids that exist in cannabis, THC is certainly the most well-known to consumers, even if CBD is starting to gain ground. Simply because THC (9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the so-called “psychoactive” component of cannabis. By acting directly on the nervous system, it affects the functioning of the brain and can change perceptions, alter mood and transform behavior. It is generally for these effects that THC is consumed: it makes high!

Unlike THC, CBD does not make you “high”. Its role is even exactly reversed: it tends to counter the psychoactive properties of its big brother, and sometimes delays them (can also last longer). This explains its medical orientation. However, it is not totally devoid of psychoactive effects: CBD generates a feeling of relief like a sedative.

Together, THC and CBD see their effects increase tenfold. The conjunction of the two molecules makes it possible to act powerfully on the anxiety and on the pains, with better results than in the case of the only THC (whose effects are sometimes badly felt by the users).

The positive effects of CBD are numerous, and have been known for about fifteen years. They surpass by far all other cannabinoids in terms of fighting against :

Anxiety attacks
Certain mental illnesses (schizophrenia...)
Cardiovascular diseases
Rheumatoid arthritis

The list is long and is still growing. Keep in mind that CBD allows especially you to counter muscular and neuropathic pains. Symptoms that are difficult to alleviate with conventional treatments. Cannabidiol can work miracles in reducing painful symptoms of neurological origin and improving the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia, for example.

However, it should be kept in mind that the study of CBD (isolated from other active substances in cannabis) is relatively recent. Medical research is ongoing. It already suggests that the impact of CBD on the treatment of patients could open the door to revolutionary treatments, equivalent to the discovery of antibiotics. Some studies show, for example, that THC and CBD molecules act against rheumatism, help reduce necrosis following heart attacks, and can even attack cancer cells, all the more effectively when combined.

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